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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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Poles. Stalin by one move released himself from the necessity of further
parley with the Polish Government, and carried on with his series offaites
accompliS) using his self-appointed Polish e Committee ' as cover.
By this one stroke., the Polish Government had been swept off the chess
board, and the British attempts to come to some agreement cleverly and
contemptuously outwitted. Moscow, in the meantime., again forwarded
the demand that certain anti-Russian elements in the Polish Government
should be removed, the first and foremost on the list being the Com-
mander-in-Chief, General Sosnkowski.
" The starving people/5 broadcast Deutschlandsender on September 10,
" with glaring eyes are coming out from the cellars and sewers and
flinging themselves on the German soldiers with arms where they have
them, and with fists where they have nothing else. The battle of Stalin-
grad was child's play in comparison with Warsaw.53 The Polish capital
was fighting for its life; the Home Army was still fighting in the rear of
the Germans along the Eastern front. In Italy the Polish troops were
carving their way back to their country through the Gothic Line and
they were fighting in France and in Holland side by side with the Anglo-
American armies. Great sections of the Polish people were still under
German occupation, some were exiled in Russia, others had been sent to
forced labour in Germany, yet the Soviet-sponsored f Committee ' in
Lublin, acting in that part of Poland between the c Curzon Line J and
the Vistula (containing about five million inhabitants, that is, one-seventh
of the pre-war population of the country), as if its authority was un-
challenged, chose this moment to take decisions without consulting the
Polish people, and to announce the settlement of most important political
and national problems, for which those same people would be obliged to
suffer the consequences. Unknown names or persons with a criminal
record;, heard of for the first time in public through the medium of
Moscow radio, were taking decisions of a magnitude which, in democratic
countries^ could not be decided without due consideration, debates and
the agreement of the people, Parliament and Government,
On September 9, an Agreement was concluded between the * Lublin
Committee ' and the Soviet Ukrainian and Soviet White Russian Govern-
ments, and with * Soviet Lithuania * a few days later, which provided for
the c exchange and resettlement * of nationals. The Poles who had been
residing in Eastern Poland up to September 18, 1939, were to be evacu-
ated to the West, behind the ' Curzon Line/ and the Ukrainians, White
Ruthenians and Lithuanians from Western Poland were to be sent to the
east of the c Curzon Line.* Since there were no White Ruthenians or
Lithuanians, and only a few Ruthenians in that part of Poland, this could
only mean that several million Poles were to be evicted from Eastern
Poland. As the matters stood in the autumn of 1944, there did not seem
to be any need for this transfer since the bulk of the population in Eastern